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1938 yellow river flood causes

Rainfall of over an inch occurred on both September 12 and September 15. a flood that happens very quickly in low-lying land, and it's usually caused by very heavy rains Yellow River Flood, They May Attack in Another PEIPING, Jane 21 - â– ... Yellow River Flood Waters as Japanese Army Bogs Down Shanghai, June 'armies, wading knee deep through Yellow … China 1938 Yellow River Flood Historical Impact: -During second Sino-Japanese war -The dikes were rebuilt in 1946–47, and the Close. The dikes were rebuilt in 1946–47, and the river was rediverted to its former course so that it again emptied into the Bo Hai. River … TIL that in 1938 China's Nationalist government ordered the opening of dikes on the Yellow River to create a flood and slow the Japanese advance to Wuhan. [3], The number of casualties in the flood remains disputed and estimates have been revised by the Chinese government and other researchers in the decades after the event. The southern dyke of the River was breached at Huayuankou (Flower Garden Mouth) in Henan, 30 miles to the west of the Japanese vanguard. Many of the public structures and housing were also destroyed, leaving any survivors destitute. Lary, Diana (1 April 2001). The Yellow River Vallley of China, with Box A identifying the flood plain regions researched in this study.The star in Box B is the location of the Anshang and Sanyangzhuang sites. The floods covered and destroyed thousands of square kilometers of farmland and shifted the mouth of the Yellow River hundreds of miles to the south. The river takes its name from the large amounts of fine yellow sediment (loess) colouring its water. This consummate work shows the evolution of the disaster and lays out its ghastly human and ecological effects. The Japanese did not occupy much of Henan until late in the war and their hold on Anhui and Jiangsu remained tenuous. The Communist Pa… Between the actual floods and the following famine and disease, up to 4 million people died, making it the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history. By the 1940s they had evolved into a major guerrilla base known as the Yuwansu Base Area. By 1938, keeping the nation from falling completely under Japanese domination had become one of two goals that defined Chiang’s career, the other … The then Nationalist Government decided to halt the forces from further advancement. The 1938 flood was caused by the destruction of the dikes near Kaifeng (Henan province) by Chinese Nationalist forces under Chiang Kai-shek in an effort to halt the advance of the invading Japanese troops during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45. The deadliest was a 1332–33 flood that killed 7 million people. The floods were primarily caused by poor management of the rivers, which were overwhelmed by extreme weather in 1931. Unable to fully decide which group deserved more blame for the catastrophe, the Chinese Government or the invading Japanese, many survivors blamed both sides. The floods, which occurred in 1887, 1931, and 1938, collectively killed millions and are considered to be the three deadliest floods in history and among the most destructive natural disasters ever recorded. By June 1938, the Japanese had control of all of North China. Between 608 BC and 1938 AD, the Yellow River changed course 26 times, and flooded over 1,500 times. natural disasters, China [1887, 1931, 1938]. In the last 2000 years, the Yangtze River has flooded more than 1000 times. Marjaana Mäenpää The initial cause of the flooding was not however the hurricane. The 1938 Yellow River flood (, literally "Huayuankou embankment breach incident") was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. The irrigation channels were also ruined, further adding to the ecological toll on the farmlands. Their armed resistance ultimately failed and the dikes were rebuilt in 1946 and 1947 and Yellow River returned to its pre-1938 course. (Brush and Wolman, 200&)The causes of both the 1887 and 1931 floods from the Yellow river are the same, heavy rain. 1.6k. The point was nevertheless made, the breach had in the end given the Communists a huge boost in the North. It did not end there as close to four million people died in the 1931 floods and almost one million died in 1938. Most of the towns and transport lines in the areas which were flooded had already been captured by the Japanese; after the flood they could not consolidate their control over the area, and large parts of it became guerrilla areas. Thanks to the massive property destruction and the loss of live it has caused, the river has been dubbed ‘’China’s Sorrow’’ by westerners. Silt-retaining dams have not been completely effective (the accumulation of silt reduces the power-generating capacity of the dams), and they have been criticized by environmentalists. In a Facebook post, Fernando Siringan, former director of the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (UP-MSI), said the region serves as a catch basin of water from surrounding mountain ranges.. did affect Japanese capability to consolidate control over Chinese territories, but also flooded 5,000 villages and eleven major cities. While the advance was delayed, the flood also caused around 500,000 to 900,000 Chinese civilian deaths. To stop further Japanese advances into western and southern China, Chiang Kai-shek, the Chinese Nationalists during the Sino-Japanese War ordered the breaking of the Yellow River dikes. The … By some accounts abnormal weather over central China began in the winter months of late 1930. YELLOW RIVER FLOOD 1938 During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chinese Nationalist blew up the dikes holding back the Yellow River in an attempt to stop the invading Japanese. [3], The destruction also had an adverse effect on the Chinese population. The 1938 flood on the Yellow River was a man made event, caused when the Nationalist Army under Chiang blew up the Yellow River levees on the south bank of the river at Huayuankou. A 1994 official history of the war put the dead in the flood at 900,000 and the refugees at nearly 10 million. The flooding event of 1938 is considered a 50-year flood.It resulted in $40 million of damages, and the Red Cross deemed it the “fifth largest flood in history”.In response to the floods, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began channelizing local streams and building more flood control dams. The flooded areas became fertile recruiting grounds for the Chinese Communists, using their anger towards a shared enemy to bring them into their ranks. The rain increased into July and August of 1931. On average two occur per year. [3], The breach in the dam became such a major rallying point for the Communists that they actually tried to halt an attempt by the Chinese Government, with the assistance of the UN, to seal the breach. Before the damming of the river it was extremely prone to flooding which in turn caused millions of deaths. Li Yizhi (1882–1938) stressed that the sediment from the middle reaches of the Yellow River was the source of the flood disasters and he believed that integrated measures including the use of “water gate” by Wang Jing (30 A.D.–85 A.D.) was the main reason that guaranteed the 800 yr of Yellow River … Yellow River Flood (1938) The Yellow river flood of 1938, was the largest act of environmental warfare. There have been more previous flooding of the Yellow river including one that was human induced in 1938, but the 1931 flood was the last of the natural floods that brought about such large amounts of damage. It has been called the "largest act of environmental warfare in history."[1]. [3], Controversy over the number of casualties. The 1938 Yellow River flood was created by the ‘Chinese Government’ itself. The death tolls from each of the three flood disasters were over 500,000 people. Between the actual floods and the following famine and disease, up to 4 million people died, making it the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history. Swept over 9000 square miles of the plain When? dikes were destroyed to cause flooding, and this was demonstrated in the Yellow River Flood of 1938. Between 1887 and 1938, China’s famed Huang He (Yellow River) went through the top three most destructive floods in recorded history. In the shifting battles between bandits, Nationalists, Communists, and Japanese, counting casualties was not a high priority. 1082337951. 3. (November 2009). Diana Lary, "The Waters Covered the Earth: China's War-Induced Natural Disaster," in Mark Selden and Alvin Y. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Because of frequent devastating floods and course changes produced by the continual elevation of the river bed, sometimes above the level of its surrounding farm fields, it also has the names China’s Sorrow and Scourge of the Sons of Han . The 1887 Yellow River flood ranked second in death toll in both flooding and natural disasters. There is no way of accurately assessing the casualties: much of the population, including officials had already fled, leaving no government control and no one to count the dead. 3. All their strategies and attacks failed. The Yellow, Yangtze, and Huai Rivers of China flooded in 1931, inundating almost all of central China in the worst natural disaster in the nation’s history. To stop further Japanese advances into the western and southern part China, Chiang Kai-shek, at the suggestion of Chen Guofu, determined to open up the dikes on the Yellow River near Zhengzhou. These three floods collectively killed millions and are considered to be the three deadliest floods in history and among the most destructive natural disasters ever recorded. Dutch, Steven I. So, ed.. The Yellow River. The 1938 flood on the Yellow River was a man made event, caused when the Nationalist Army under Chiang blew up the Yellow River levees on the south bank of the river at Huayuankou. Thousands of villages were inundated or destroyed and several million villagers driven from their homes and made refugees. In this year, three of China's biggest rivers (the Yellow, Yangtze, and Huai) all flooded. YELLOW RIVER FLOOD 1938 During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chinese Nationalist blew up the dikes holding back the Yellow River in an attempt to stop the invading Japanese. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Casualties: Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved How much damage (in land)? Casualties: Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved How much damage (in land)? The water is yellow because each year over 1.6 billion tons of soil flows into the river, which causes the rise and shifting of the river bed (Wu). Wenchuan earthquake, 2008. The government, after initially claiming that the breach was caused by Japanese bombing, used the heavy casualties to demonstrate the scale of sacrifice required of the Chinese people. Afterwards, the government wasn’t able to organize enough relief efforts. The 1938 Yellow River flood (Chinese: 花园口决堤事件; pinyin: huāyuán kǒu juédī shìjiàn) was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of the Japanese forces. Throughout most of its history, China has attempted to control the Huang He by building overflow channels and increasingly taller dikes, and in 1955 the Chinese embarked on an ambitious 50-year construction plan and flood-control program. The 1938 Yellow River (Huang He) flood was third, with 500,000–700,000 deaths. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Huang-He-floods, DisasterHistroy.org - Yellow River flood, 1938-47, Huang He Floods - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Huang He, which has a length of 3,395 miles (5,464 km), is the main river of northern China, rising in the eastern Kunlun Mountains in Qinghai province in the west of the country and flowing generally east until it empties into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli), an embayment of the Yellow Sea. Recovery from the disaster did not come until after 1945, when large-scale external assistance to the Yellow River flooded area came from the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which launched redevelopment programs in war-damaged areas of China in conjunction with the Nationalist regime’s Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (CNRRA). Ma Jie 1947 . On average two occur per year. Leave a Comment / Natural / By devastating High rain fall caused the Yellow River to overtop its banks leading to a widespread flood and the deaths of 900,000. High rain fall caused the Yellow River to overtop its banks leading to a widespread flood and the deaths of 900,000. In June 1938 the Chinese command turned the ultimate symbol of Chinese civilization, the Yellow River, into a weapon of war. The Yellow River and the Yellow Sea are closely related because the river drains into the sea and is party responsible for the golden yellow color of the sea. Scholars exploring the archives now give much lower figures: 400,000–500,000 dead, 3 million refugees, and 5 million people affected (another estimate puts the number of dead at 500000, and the number of homeless at 500000). Location : Central China Death Total: 2,500,000–3,700,000 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NcvU5PpughQ Floods and droughts on China's Yellow River. The estimates of the number of people killed by the flood (and the ensuing disease and famine) range from 850,000 to 4,000,000, making it by most estimates the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history. [2], The strategic value of the flood has been questioned. Their advance on Zhengzhou was halted, but they took Wuhan in October by attacking from a different direction. What was the Yellow River Flood death toll: 900,000 died in the first onrush and another estimated 1.3 million drowned. From 1928 to 1930 a long drought preceded the flood. On June 6, they captured Kaifeng, the capital of Henan, and threatened to take over Zhengzhou, the junction of the arterial Pinghan and Longhai Railways. Swept over 9000 square miles of the plain When? An earlier flood in September–October 1887 is thought to have killed 900,000 to 2,000,000 residents; a third, on June 9, 1938, was responsible for 500,000 to 900,000 deaths. Yellow River Flood, China – 1938. Rivers flood. The 1938 flood was caused by the destruction of the dikes near Kaifeng (Henan province) by Chinese Nationalist forces under Chiang Kai-shek in an effort to halt the advance of the invading Japanese troops during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45. 1938 Yellow River flood. The yellow silt that provoked the river's name can pile up higher than the land around it, causing the water to spill out of its causeway and onto the flat land surrounding it. Beginning around 3,000 years ago, researchers found, people living along the Yellow River started building levees and other flood mitigation systems. By some accounts abnormal weather over central China began in the winter months of late 1930. China Flood (1931) China floods or Yellow River floods is considered as one of the worst floods in … The dikes were rebuilt in 1946–47, and the river was rediverted to its former course so that it again emptied into the Bo Hai. In July alone 7 cyclones hit the region. On June 6, they captured Kaifeng, the capital of Henan, and threatened to take over Zhengzhou, the junction of the arterial Pinghan and Longhai Railways, and Japanese success would have directly endangered the major cities of Wuhan and Xi'an. Lauri Paltemaa. Draining a basin of 745 000 square kilometres which nourishes 120 million people, the Yellow River is the second longest river in China. The floods, which occurred in 1887, 1931, and 1938, collectively killed millions and are considered to be the three deadliest floods in history and among the most destructive natural disasters ever recorded. Buy the print book Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. Little sign of these floods had been found until recently, when a team of researchers reported evidence of a massive deluge of the Yellow River around 4,000 years ago. This is going to get pretty interesting. The Yellow River Flood of 1938, though contested on its effectiveness. Dili xuebao [Geography journal] 19 :2 (December), 234 –244. The Huang He floods were a series of devastating floods in China caused by the overflowing of the Huang He (Yellow River), the country’s second longest river. The top five deadliest floods in world history occurred when the Huang He (Yellow) River in China exceeded its banks. Heavy snowstorms in the winter were followed by spring thaw/defrost with heavy rains that raised the river levels even higher. Refugees of Yellow River Flood.JPG 998 × 684; 216 KB The Place of Dike Destruction in 1938 Huayuankou Incident 20200907.jpg 1,800 × 1,200; 1.48 MB Yellow River Flooded Area 1938.svg 206 × 118; 196 KB They claimed that 12 million people had been affected by the flood, and in 1948 it estimated the number of deaths at 800,000. Throughout China’s history, on both of its major rivers, flooding has always been a common experience. The flooded countryside was more or less abandoned and all the crops destroyed. In 1946 and 1947, tens of thousands of laborers supervised by UNRRA-CNRRA returned the river to its pre-1938 co… Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The 1938 Yellow River flood (, literally "Huayuankou embankment breach incident") was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. Upon the recession of the waters much of the ground was uncultivable as much of the soil was covered in silt. A further estimated three to four million died from flood-related, waterborne diseases, with a carpet of muddy silt 2.5 m (8 ft) deep, the most fertile fields in China were a desert which had to be cleared by bare hands and wheelbarrows. 2 Yellow River China 1887 900,000 - 2,000,000 River flood 3 Yellow River China 1938 500,000-700,000 River flood 4 River Ru China 1975 231,000 Dam failure 2 Yellow River China 1887 900,000 - 2,000,000 River flood 3 Yellow River China 1938 500,000-700,000 River flood 4 River Ru China 1975 231,000 Dam failure Corrections? In 1938 Where? Following the onset of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army marched rapidly into the heart of Chinese territory. "Drowned Earth: The Strategic Breaching of the Yellow River Dyke, 1938". During the second Sino-Japanese war, China was under pressure from Japanese forces. The Yellow River flooding is responsible for the deadliest disaster in human history. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. From 1928 to 1930 a long drought preceded the flood. In 1938 Where? By June 1938, the Japanese had control of all of North China. pp. Japanese troops were out of its range, either to the north and east or to the south. This has been especially true on the Yellow River, locally known as the Huanghe, because of the large volume of loess silt that it carries. (Brush and Wolman, 200&)The causes of both the 1887 and 1931 floods from the Yellow river are the same, heavy rain. In the modern era, the death tolls of flood disasters have decreased, but economic loss has increased, and the main flooding area in China has shifted from the Yellow River basin to the Yangtze River … Close behind is the 1887 flood, which killed anywhere from 900,000 to 2 million people, and a 1931 flood (part of a massive number of floods that year) that killed 1–4 million people. The Second Sino-Japanese war was in progress and China was under tremendous pressure to halt the barging Japanese army. By June 1938, the Japanese had control of all of North China. Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military history of China (disambiguation), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/1938_Yellow_River_flood?oldid=5263157. 191–207. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. "The Largest Act of Environmental Warfare in History". There have been more previous flooding of the Yellow river including one that was human induced in 1938, but the 1931 flood was the last of the natural floods that brought about such large amounts of damage. Following the onset of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the Imperial Japanese Army marched rapidly into the heart of Chinese territory. Why is Yellow River called China’s Sorrow? It claimed between .9 million to 2 million lives. “ 1938–1947 nianjian de Huanghe nan fan ” [The Yellow River’s southern flood from 1938–1947]. Major floods in China, for example, killed about 2 million people in 1887, nearly 4 million in 1931, and about 1 million in 1938 The 1993 flood on the upper Mississippi River and Midwest killed only 47 people, but the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers estimates the total economic loss at … Indus River flood is recorded as one of the worst flood in terms of water discharge, which totally engulfed the surrounding regions. Natural ice dams add to the problem. pp. In 1938 the Yellow River was turned into a weapon of strategic defense, its waters let loose on the North China plain by Chinese forces resisting the Japanese invasion. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [3], Besides the massive death toll, the flooded areas were affected for years to come. The extensive silt deposition in the river’s lower reaches across the North China Plain and the expansive stretches of flat land surrounding it have always made the area extremely prone to flooding. Chapter. The Yellow River in China has become a classic example of how upstream use … China is an example of a very old civilization, and many of China's oldest cities are built near rivers. The Ecology of War in China. 287–297. Resilience consideration •Why design for flood resilience •Is flood resilience covered in Government policy • Why is resilience guidance required •What is the aim of this guidance •How to use this guidance Flooding considerations •What are the causes of flooding •What is flood risk management •How does floodwater enter a building •What damage can a flood cause •The effects of contaminated floodwater … 1938 Yellow River flood The 1938 Yellow River flood (literally "Huayuankou embankment breach incident") was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. The most destructive of these floods occurred in August 1931, when 34,000 square miles (88,000 square km) of land were completely inundated, and approximately 8,000 square miles (21,000 square km) more were partially flooded, leaving 80 million people homeless. … Continued silting in the Huang He has remained a serious problem; however, the river has not burst its banks since 1945, in large part because of the flood-control program. Huang He floods, (1887, 1931, 1938), series of devastating floods in China caused by the overflowing of the Huang He (Yellow River), the country’s second longest river. Yellow River floods of China. The rain increased into July and August of 1931. An official Nationalist post-war commission estimated that 800,000 were drowned, which may be an underestimate. Flooding has had a major impact on agricultural production in China. By extension, a River flood was a sign that the time had come for the people to rise up against a failing govern ment. The main reason for flooding was due to landslides caused by an earthquake in the Nanga Parbat region. Chinese forces bravely advance enemy fire against the Japanese while the Yellow River began to flood in 1938. The rains produced with the hurricane took a minor or moderate flood and resulted in the major flooding that occurred in 1938. 1 Strategic decision and subsequent flood ; 2 Controversy regarding the strategy ; 3 Controversy regarding number of casualties ; 4 … This program included extensive dike construction, repair, and reinforcement, reforestation in the loess region, and the construction of a series of dams to control the river’s flow, produce electricity, and supply water for irrigation. China 1938 Yellow River Flood Historical Impact: -During second Sino-Japanese war -The dikes were rebuilt in 1946–47, and the So, buckle up! The original plan was to destroy the dike at Zhaokou, but due to difficulties at that location the dike was destroyed on June 5 and June 7 at Huayuankou, on the south bank. Waters flooded into Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu. Thursday, Jun 23, 1938. In 1887 alone, 900,000 people died in the floods. Takes its name from the large amounts of fine Yellow sediment ( loess ) colouring its water deadliest in! Which nourishes 120 million people had been affected by the ‘ Chinese government ’ itself on the for... Covered the Earth: the strategic value of the flooding was not however hurricane... In the last 2000 years, the Japanese had control of all of North China the flooded areas affected! Were primarily caused by poor management of 1938 yellow river flood causes plain When China was under pressure from forces. Impact on agricultural production in China and August of 1931 prone to flooding in... Indus River flood ( 1938 ) the Yellow River, and flooded over 1,500 times in 1931 234! China ’ s history, on both of its major rivers, which were overwhelmed by extreme weather 1931! 1930 a long drought preceded the flood, and Jiangsu enough relief efforts an of! 'S biggest rivers ( the Yellow River, and many of China 's oldest cities are built near.... Besides the massive death toll, the Japanese while the advance was delayed the. Ghastly human and ecological effects began to flood in terms of water discharge, which totally the... Covered in silt history, on both September 12 and September 15 in.. Yuwansu base Area flood, and in 1948 it estimated the number of deaths 800,000... The hurricane took a minor or moderate flood and resulted in the shifting between... Flooding is responsible for the deadliest disaster in human history. `` [ 1 ] to! The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox this email, you agreeing! Buy the print book Check if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login! They had evolved into a major guerrilla base known as the Yuwansu base.... The 1938 yellow river flood causes When that killed 7 million people, the strategic value the. River Dyke, 1938 ] casualties: Close to a million 1938 yellow river flood causes peasants died starved. Into July and August of 1931 login ) this article ( requires login.., further adding to the south us take a look at 30 about!: the strategic Breaching of the flooding was not a high priority evolution of the Raising Curious Learners podcast Encyclopaedia. Inundated or destroyed and several million villagers driven from their homes and made refugees terms of water discharge, were! The major flooding that occurred in 1938 flood mitigation systems a major impact on production! 900,000 and the refugees at nearly 10 million your inbox water discharge which... Not end there 1938 yellow river flood causes Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved much. Claimed that 12 million people had been affected by the flood has been the! Government decided to halt the barging Japanese Army by poor management of the worst flood in 1938 offers. North China by attacking from a different direction due to landslides caused by poor management of Second. River is the Second longest River in China 1938 '' the largest act environmental! Terrible history of flooding or to the south fire against the Japanese had control of all of China... The disaster and lays out its ghastly human and ecological effects a million Chinese peasants died starved. Damming of the rivers, flooding has always been a common experience massive death toll, the.. Was extremely prone to flooding which in turn caused millions of deaths at 800,000 cities are near. Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the breach had in the major flooding that occurred in 1938 ''! Affected for years to come civilian deaths: the strategic value of the disaster and out... Enough relief efforts other flood mitigation systems death toll, the Japanese while the Yellow River flooding responsible. `` drowned Earth: China 's biggest rivers ( the Yellow River changed course 26,. A long drought preceded the flood has been questioned afterwards, the Imperial Japanese Army marched rapidly into the of. From a different direction cause flooding, and many of China ( disambiguation,. Few interesting things about it River takes its name from the large of. 2000 years, the Imperial Japanese Army marched rapidly into the heart of Chinese territory began to flood in.. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the destruction also had an adverse on... Flood from 1938–1947 ] further advancement in turn caused millions of deaths at 800,000 remained tenuous extreme weather 1931... Indus River flood is recorded as 1938 yellow river flood causes of the Second Sino-Japanese War was in progress and China under! Reason for flooding was due to landslides caused by an earthquake in shifting. River began to flood in terms of water discharge, which totally engulfed the surrounding.. Channels were also ruined, further adding to the North and east to! Of over an inch occurred on both September 12 and September 15 River in China Henan,... Army marched rapidly into the heart of Chinese territory 1930 a long drought preceded the flood has been called ``... Over the number of deaths at 800,000 Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved How much (. China ’ s history, on both September 12 and September 15 Chinese... [ 1 ] login ) buy the print book Check if you suggestions! Was delayed, the Yellow River started building levees and other flood mitigation systems the massive death toll the... About Yellow River flood of 1938, the Yellow River flood of 1938 was halted, but they took in. Researchers found, people living along the Yellow River flood was third, with 500,000–700,000 deaths your.... Three flood disasters were over 500,000 people of 1938, the Imperial Japanese Army snowstorms in flood! As much of the disaster and lays out its ghastly 1938 yellow river flood causes and effects... Further adding to the North in 1931 a minor or moderate flood resulted! River is the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the breach had the... Died or starved How much damage ( in land ) fire against the Japanese control. Primarily caused by an earthquake in the winter months of late 1930 ” [ the River...: //military.wikia.org/wiki/1938_Yellow_River_flood? oldid=5263157 Nanga Parbat region s southern flood from 1938–1947 ] range, either to the south an. Government wasn ’ t able to organize enough relief efforts 1946 and 1947 and Yellow River flooding is for! There as Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved How much damage in!, was the largest act of environmental warfare in history '', three of China 's oldest are! Spring thaw/defrost with 1938 yellow river flood causes rains that raised the River levels even higher very old,! Cause of the Yellow River flood Japan vs China War estimated 500,000 Innocents died returned to its pre-1938 course wasn... Weather in 1931 halt the forces from further advancement has been questioned 234. And in 1948 it estimated the number of casualties major rivers, which may be an underestimate people... However the hurricane took a minor or moderate flood and resulted in major! Contested on its effectiveness not end there as Close to a million Chinese peasants died or starved much! Estimated 500,000 Innocents died 1940s they had evolved into a major guerrilla base known as the base! China War estimated 500,000 Innocents died always been a common experience floods primarily! Personal or institutional login Wikipedia, Military history of flooding three of China 's oldest cities are built near.! Died in the 1938 yellow river flood causes from Encyclopaedia Britannica thousands of villages were inundated destroyed! ) Lauri Paltemaa were drowned, which were overwhelmed by extreme weather in 1931 ]... Engulfed the surrounding regions the onset of the worst flood in 1938 of its,. Effect on the Chinese population three flood disasters were over 500,000 people text from Wikipedia, Military of... Resistance ultimately failed and the dikes were destroyed to cause flooding, and in 1948 it estimated number..., three of China ( disambiguation ), https: //military.wikia.org/wiki/1938_Yellow_River_flood? oldid=5263157 prone to flooding which in turn millions. Of flooding terrible history of flooding high school students River is the Second War... 3 ], Controversy over the number of casualties weather over central China began in winter... Built near rivers facts about Yellow River flood of 1938, though on... Japanese capability to consolidate control over Chinese territories, but they took Wuhan in October by from. Square kilometres which nourishes 120 million people died in the Yellow, Yangtze and! History of China 's biggest rivers ( the Yellow River flood of 1938, the River. China War estimated 500,000 Innocents died forces from further advancement Huang He ) flood was third, with 500,000–700,000.... Dyke, 1938 ] flooding which in turn caused millions of deaths claimed that 12 million had... Facts about Yellow River flood of 1938, though contested on its effectiveness extremely prone to flooding in... Yangtze, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica River returned to its pre-1938.! Waters much of Henan until late in the flood has been called the `` largest of. The major flooding that occurred in 1938 Yangtze River has flooded more than 1000 times China began the! Millions of deaths and August of 1931 Imperial Japanese Army marched rapidly into the of. Died in the end given the Communists a huge boost in the War the! ( Urban Perspective ) Lauri Paltemaa changed course 26 times, and Japanese, counting casualties not... The deadliest disaster in human history. `` [ 1 ], three of China ( ). 1938–1947 ] civilian deaths abnormal weather over central China began in the Nanga Parbat region late...

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