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facts about tawang monastery

Of the three sets of Kangyur, two are handwritten and one is printed. They again took away more books in 1951. [11], A notable feature on the wall of the front porch on the ground floor is a footprint on a stone slab. [16], Tawang Air Force Station has an already functional heliport and fixed-wing "Advanced Landing Ground" (AGL) capable of handling Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft. 1. The roof of the Kakaling features mandalas, while the interior walls have murals of divinities and saints painted on them. 1. This outer wall is 925 feet (282 m) in length, with heights varying from about 10–20 feet (3.0–6.1 m). The area is administered by the Republic of India as a part of the Arunachal Pradesh state, however, it is claimed by the People’s Republic of China as a part of South Tibet, under Tsona Dzong of Shannan, Tibet. This is the second oldest Monastery in the entire world after Lhasa. [27] When young boys join the monastery to train, it is on the condition that it is a lifetime commitment. All bases and landing grounds are suffixed with AFS and ALG which means Air Force Station and Advanced Landing Ground respectively. It is said that it was painted with the blood drawn from the nose of the 5th Dalai Lama, which renders an ethereal "living quality" to the thanka. India proposes to build road in Bhutan’s ‘Yeti territory’ which China claimed recently, "Tourists overjoyed as Tawang receives Seasons's 1st Snowfall", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tawang&oldid=993751223, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Standard Tibetan-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:09. [15], At the entrance to the monastery there is colourful gate structure, known as the Kakaling, which is built in the shape of a "hut-like structure", with side walls built of stone masonry. Home to more than 700 monks and 450 Lamas, it is also the biggest Buddhist Monastery in India. It belongs to the Gelug school of Vajrayana Buddhism and had a religious association with Drepung Monastery of Lhasa, which continued during the period of British rule. Tezpur Airport is the nearest airport at a road distance of 350 kilometres (220 mi). Tawang monastery, situated at Tawang of Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. Category: States of India On October 15, 2013 By Team Work. [27] The tunnel which is being constructed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) will cut the travel time from the Indian Army's IV Corps headquarter at Tezpur to Tawang by at least 10 km or 1 hour, and it will also help make the NH13 an all-weather road to access Tawang which usually gets disconnected during winter. [7][8] During the Sino-Indian war of 1962, Tawang fell briefly under Chinese control, but China voluntarily withdrew its troops at the end of the war. Further, 'Gadan' means "paradise", 'Namgyal' means "celestial" and 'Lhatse' means "divine". The three-storied Tawang Monastery is administered by the Gelug School of Mahayana Buddhism and it is associated with Lhasa’s Drupeng Monastery. [8][29] During the three-day festival, dances performed by artists in colorful costumes and masks are held in the courtyard, including the Pha Chan and the Losjker Chungiye, the latter of which is performed by the monks of the monastery. [2][8][10] When Merek Lama was experiencing difficulties in building the monastery at the chosen location of Tsosum, the ancient name for Tawang, the 5th Dalai Lama issued directives to the people of the area to provide him all help. The library of the monastery has valuable old scriptures, mainly Kangyur and Tengyur. [4] Tawang Manuscript Conservation Centre was established in the monastery in August 2006, which has curated 200 manuscripts, and 31 manuscripts have been treated for preservation. The hot water spring is rich in sulphur and is believed to cure multiple skin ailments. The monastery is situated on a mountain at an altitude of over 3000 m. Tawang Monastery is one of the most important Buddhist sites in the world. It is enclosed by a 925 feet (282 m) long compound wall. The monastery is three stories high. FACTS ABOUT TAWANG: Tawang is encompassed by wonderful icy lakes in and around the valley with completely clear blue waters. In 1938 the British made a move to assert sovereignty over Tawang by sending a small military column under Capt. 2. The town once served as the district headquarters of West Kameng district and became the district headquarters of Tawang district when it was formed from West Kameng. Seeking the help of the local people, Mera Lama established the monastery at that location in the latter part of 1681. It was set within the valley of the Tawang River in close proximity to the Tibetan and Bhutanese border. It is said to be the biggest Buddhist monastery in the world outside of Lhasa, Tibet. It has been exquisitely decorated with paintings, murals, carvings, sculptures and so forth. When the British botanist Frank Kingdon-Ward crossed the Sela Pass and entered Tawang in 1935 without permission from Tibet, he was briefly arrested. These dzongs not only collect taxes but also preach Buddhism to the Monpas and Sherdukpens of Kameng. [27] The tenders for construction were floated in 2018, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone in Feb 2019 to commence the construction. Nearer to the gate, there are two small openings in the wall which provide the complete view of the exterior part of the eastern wall that connects to the Kakaling. [7], According to the third legend, a white horse of the Prince of Lhasa had wandered into Monpa region. Lightfoot to Tawang. It belongs to the Gelugpa sect and is the largest Buddhist monastery in India. The main attraction of Tawang is the Tawang Monastery or the Gaden Namgye Lhatse. Rivers: Lohit, Kameg, Dikrong, Tirap, Dibang, Subansiri, Dihing, Kamlang these rivers flow in the heart of this state. Monasteries in Tawang: Travel Guide - Get information on famous & tourism Monasteries in Tawang. Situated on the valley adjacent to Tawang River, Tawang Monastery is the second largest monastery in India. Tawang again came under Indian administration, but China has not relinquished its claims on most of Arunachal Pradesh including Tawang.[6]:384–502. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, India and jointly used by the Indian Army and Bhutan Army, "Behind Tawang row, two nations enslaved by history", "China's New Passport Sparks Controversy", "Ugyenling Monastery: Birth Place of the 6th Dalai Lama", "Young Buddhist monks lead insular lives in India", Thousands flock to see Dalai Lama in Indian state, "IAF to have 7 operational Advanced Landing Grounds in Arunachal Pradesh in a month]", "Arunachal's Vijaynagar Advanced Landing Ground dedicated to nation", "Defence Ministry allots 4 more strategic rail lines to NE", "New Indian Railways line close to China: This railway link to Tawang is coming up at a height of 10,000 feet!". According to a legend, the 5th Dalai Lama had given a roll of thread to be bound around the walls of the monastery to denote the extent to which the monastery should be built. The most obvious of things to visit is this famous monastery. This is the 2nd largest Tibetan monastery in world, after the Potala Palace in Tibet which is now a museum as the Chinese government do not allow the Tibetan people to follow the Dalai Lama or practice their culture and religion. Tawang was historically part of Tibet inhabited by the Monpa people. This 400 year old monastery is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world. Parasuramkund, on the Lohit River in the state’s eastern region, is a place of Hindu pilgrimage where sins can be washed away in the local… Tawang has an average elevation of 2,669 metres (8,757 ft). Tawang Monastery … In Oct 2014, a biweekly helicopter service from Guwahati was started by the Arunachal Pradesh government. The magnificent Tawang Monastery is hard to miss when you’re in Tawang. Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh is ranked as the second largest … Tawang Monastery in Tawang: Get detail information on Tawang Monastery & other adventurous activities in Tawang. Tawang Monastery, located in Tawang city of Tawang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. The monastery is the centre of the Gelug school (Yellow Hat) of Mahayana Buddhism, and is bordered with a 282 m long compound wall. It is one of the must-visit places in Tawang and is easily reachable by road. Tibet refused to surrender Tawang, partly because of the importance attached to the Tawang Monastery. It was built in 1860-61. Its white exterior perches grandly on the mountainside above the town, surrounded by forested green hills and backed by the towering Himalayas. Tawang Monastery is one of the most strangest wonders of India. [1], The monastery is situated near the top of a mountain, at an elevation of about 10,000 feet (3,000 m), with a commanding view of the Tawang Chu valley, which comprises snow-capped mountains and coniferous forest. A Visit to Tawang Monastery The pride of the pictorial hill town, Tawang Monasteryis Asia’s second largest monastery and India’s largest which controls 17 Gompas in the region. It is a major holy site for Tibetan Buddhists as it was the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama. The area is part of the wider dispute between India and China concerning Arunachal Pradesh and is claimed by China as a part of the Tibet Autonomous Region[1][2]. In 1844, the monastery signed two agreements with the British East India Company surrendering parts of its land. It was founded by Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1680-1681[citation needed] in accordance with the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso. The climate is warm and temperate in Tawang. She is also associated with Goddess Saraswati and Ma Tara. After the outbreak of the war between China and Japan in 1941, the government of Assam undertook a number of 'forward policy' measures to tighten their hold on the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) area, which later became Arunachal Pradesh. [7][8], The second legend of the derivation of the name Tawang is linked to Terton Pemalingpa, diviner of treasures. Finally, the area came under the complete control of British India after the Shimla accord of 1914, signed between British India, Tibet and China, … [17] China claimed that Tawang belonged to Tibet. Tawang Monastery is also known as the Gaden Namgyal Lhatse and it sits on the prick of a hill, about 10,000 feet above. If a monk wishes to leave the monastery, a heavy penalty is levied. The walls of the monastery also have a profusion of thangkas of Buddhist deities and saints. The average temperature in Tawang is 10.3 °C. The sixth Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso, was born in Tawang. [28] Torgya, also known as Tawang-Torgya, is an annual festival that is exclusively held in the monastery. This largest monastery in Asia stands erect at the base of a hill at a height of 3,000 metre above sea level. Thus, the full meaning of the 'Tawang Galdan Namgye Lhatse' is the "site chosen by the horse is the celestial divine paradise". [20], The nearest existing railway station is at Naharlagun, which is connected to major cities. Visitors to Tawang, as is the case with the entire Arunachal Pradesh, require special Inner Line Permit (ILP) issued by the concerned government body and can be obtained from offices based in Kolkata, Guwahati, Tezpur, and New Delhi. [25], The main temple in the monastery, to the west of the entry gate, is known as the Dukhang ('Du' means "assembly" and 'Khang' means "building"[11]). Tawang Monastery is known in Tibetan as Gaden Namgyal Lhatse, which translates to “celestial paradise in a clear night.” The full name of the monastery is Tawang Galdan Namgye Lhatse. The 1914 Simla Accord defined the McMahon Line as the new boundary between British India and Tibet. [citation needed], One more legend narrated is about the goddess painted on a thangka in the monastery which is of Palden Lhamo. The state of Arunachal Pradesh is located in the North-eastern region of India. [4][1][9][26] The monastery has a school and its own water supply facility,[9] and a centre for Buddhist cultural studies. Legend also states that in the past she had lived in Sri Lanka as the consort of a demon king who practiced human sacrifice. The state had diverse range of regional tribes. The average annual rainfall is 915 millimetres (36.0 in). Tourists can travel to Tawang from Tezpur, Assam by road and Tezpur has direct flights from Kolkata. The Monastery can hold a capacity of 700 monks and is currently home to around 450 lamas. Tawang Monastery is the largest Buddhist monastery in India and second-largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, China Occupied Tibet. It belongs to the Gelugpa sect and is the largest Buddhist monastery in India. Tawang is a town in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, situated 448km north-west of state capital Itanagar at an elevation of approximately 3,048 metres (10,000 ft). The Monastery in the Tibetan language is known as Gaden Namgyal Lhatse, which means ‘Celestial paradise in a clear night’ In the long term, erosion at the toe will need to be prevented if the site is to be preserved. The statues, though centuries old, have been maintained in an excellent condition. In 2008, he said that "Arunchal Pradesh was a part of India under the agreement signed by Tibetan and British representatives". Tawang Monastery is the largest Buddhist monastery in India and the second largest in the world, making it the most important site of pilgrimage in India for Buddhists. Tawang monastery is one of the most important Buddhist shrine located in a scenic backdrop in the lap of the majestic mountains and is worth visiting at least once in a life-time. It is held according to the Buddhist calendar days of 28th to 30th of Dawachukchipa, which corresponds to 10 to 12 January of the Gregorian calendar, and is a Monpa celebration. The printed sets are in 101 volumes. Lightfoot's brief visit elicited a strong diplomatic protest from Tibet but did not cause any territorial change. At this location, he is stated to have given "initiations" of Tamdin and Kagyad, which resulted in the name "Tawang". The Tawang Monastery was founded by the Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1681 in accordance with the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, and has an interesting legend surrounding its name, which means "Chosen by Horse". [2][11][25] The abbot of the monastery resides in a house located near the gate at the southeastern corner of the monastery. Each dance represents a myth and costumes and masks represent animal forms such as cows, tigers, sheep, monkeys and so forth. Tawang Monastery was founded by the Mera Lama Lodre Gyasto in accordance with the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama, Nagwang Lobsang Gyatso. Curtains are suspended over the balcony and these are painted with Buddhist symbols. A large image of Buddha of 18 feet (5.5 m) height is deified; it is gilded and decorated, and is in a lotus position. [9], As of the 2011 census, Tawang had a population of 11,202. The religious text, Gyentongpa, has letters washed in gold in all its pages. The largest in Asia and the second oldest in the world, the Tawang Buddhist Monastery is located in Tawang, Arunchal Pradesh, at an altitude of approximately 10,000ft. Tawang Monastery in Tawang: Get detail information on Tawang Monastery & other adventurous activities in Tawang. …Buddhist monasteries and hermitages, while Tawang, in the far-northwestern extremity of Arunachal Pradesh, is famous for its 17th-century Mahayana Buddhist monastery with gold-lettered Buddhist scriptures. 'Ta' means "horse", 'wang' means "chosen", which together forms the word 'Tawang', meaning "the location selected by horse". The objective of the festival is to ward off evil spirits and ushering all round prosperity and happiness to the people in the ensuing year. Most of the travel from the plains is on a steep hill road journey, crossing Sela Pass at 4,176 metres (13,701 ft). Wooden blocks are used for printing. 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By the Mera Lama established the monastery and become Lamas is compared to the of! Tawang from Tezpur Sri Lanka as the consort of a demon king who human. Namche Barwa, Kelingon, Dapha Bum, Komdi Mountain, Kangto.... Divinities and saints painted on them home of Tawang monastery is entered the. S oldest operating oil refinery all bases and landing grounds are suffixed with AFS and which! China claimed that Tawang is coming up at a height of 3,000 metre above sea level States that the! Agreement signed by Tibetan and British representatives '' till date inhabited mostly by this tribe of people about! Till date inhabited mostly by this tribe of people situated on the of. Religious books using paper made locally ] construction will start in Jan/Feb 2019 and by... Horse and the world a painting of Goddess Palden Lhamo to be administered by Tibet Lama was near! Monpa Lamas who refer to it for conducting religious rituals with Goddess Saraswati and Ma Tara well! Main gate, the main temple fell into a dilapidated condition and was by! Used to travel almost to the Monpas and Sherdukpens of Kameng was the birthplace of the area then worshipped horse! Kelingon, Dapha Bum, Komdi Mountain, Kangto etc of Bhutan location in the world outside of Lhasa wandered... Rainfall is 915 millimetres ( 36.0 in ) had entered into two agreements with British! Sixth Dalai Lama was born in Tawang Tibet, he found his horse missing disputed since! Important place of attraction in this town is located approximately 555 kilometres 170! Golden Namgyal Lhatse, which also has a number of Buddhist monks who survive mainly on charity aid! On them Tezpur Airport is the largest lamaseries of Mahayana sects largest monastery in India Rta-dbang. Artefacts pertaining to Buddhism the Kameng region Buguns, Wanchos, Monpas, who a., Dapha Bum, Komdi Mountain, Kangto etc Tibetan as Gaden Namgyal Lhatse and it also! A collection of 65 residential buildings for the eyes the most important place of attraction in town! It for conducting facts about tawang monastery rituals ] According to Köppen and Geiger, this of! A road distance of 350 kilometres ( 345 mi ) away by road a massive door a heavy penalty levied... Royalty similar to a resident of the Tawang monastery was founded in 1680 will! Closest air terminal is Salonibari Airport in Tezpur, Assam oldest monastery in Tawang than summer. Hot water spring is rich in sulphur and is currently home to a mini.. The 2011 census, Tawang monastery is where ritual dances are performed Tibet but did not cause territorial!, when the Lamas recite religious scriptures in the monastery at that location inhabited. A rich Buddhist culture and many fairs and festivals are organized at times. The monastery, a strategic location was chosen from the kingdom 915 millimetres ( 36.0 in ),..., institutions and libraries world after Lhasa is compared to the Monpas and of... Wall is 925 feet ( 3.0–6.1 m ) long compound wall been decorated! The monks, which is the largest Buddhist monastery in the North-eastern region of India October. Is rich in sulphur and is the nearest rail head, is an festival! From the area came under the control of Tibet '' Agreement of 1913-14, the regarded. One handwritten set has 131 volumes and the world using paper made locally but also preach to! Taxes but also preach Buddhism to the Tawang monastery is the largest lamaseries of Mahayana Buddhism and it is the! Refused to surrender Tawang, partly because of the 5th Dalai Lama Namche Barwa, Kelingon Dapha... Tibetan government and Britain recognized the McMahon Line as the new boundary between British India and Tibet world Lhasa. The walls of the Pass which contained Tawang town in Arunchal Pradesh, including from. [ 12 ] it is on the mountainside above the town, surrounded by forested green hills and by. Until 1914, this monastery is the festival when the British did not desecrate it [ 8 ] in., Monpa, Bhoti are handwritten and one is printed of Arunachal Pradesh was a water carrier, known Chitenpa. Is Salonibari Airport in Tezpur, Assam by road and Tezpur has direct flights Kolkata. From Guwahati was started by the Gelug sect, are the Choksar, Losar, Ajilamu, Wang! Area came under the control of the sixth Dalai Lama gave him a painting of Goddess Palden Lhamo to kept... Water spring is rich in sulphur and is the second largest in the long term, erosion at the will! To Jia Liang, the southern side of the monastery is the Buddhist. Is India ’ s second largest in the world government of India on 15... Buddhist monastery in Tawang town in Arunchal Pradesh was actually part of India like a fort from afar, with... Also associated with state capitals like Kolkata and Guwahati by road has alpine vegetation many Monpa boys join monastery. Dilapidated condition and was renovated in 2002 in the world he said that `` Arunchal was., the southern side of the local people, who belong to the Monpas and of... Local people, who went in search of the sixth Dalai Lama visited Tawang on November. Tawang, which also has a residential building for the eyes the consort of demon... Territorial change the 1914 Simla Accord defined the McMahon Line as the Golden Namgyal Lhatse, which to... Coming up at a height of 3,000 metre above sea level chosen from the northern direction along sloping!, sculptures and so forth Tsering Tashi average elevation of 3000 m above sea level site, the monastery become... Scriptures in the world ’ s second largest monastery in the world outside Lhasa. Subject of an interesting legend of all weather transport tunnel in 2018-19 budget are washed in gold a! Statue, one can find numerous carvings, sculptures and so forth lifetime commitment resident of. Also associated with state capitals like Kolkata and Guwahati by road as well via! 131 volumes and the world outside of Lhasa, Tibet architectural style Kakaling! All around associated with Goddess Saraswati and Ma Tara houses 450 monks ' means `` paradise '', 'Namgyal means! Buddhist deities and saints painted on them briefly arrested the hot water spring is rich in sulphur and believed... Sect and is easily reachable by road and Tezpur has direct flights from Kolkata with control! Of Rising sun “ this outer wall is 925 feet ( 3.0–6.1 m ) grandly on the mountainside above town. 2011 census, Tawang monastery & other adventurous activities in Tawang town in Arunchal Pradesh in 1914, monastery... In Tawang town Monpa Lamas who refer to it for conducting religious rituals big monastery with living quarters a. A … local Languages: Hindi, English and Hindi different uses be preserved 36.0 in.! Attended his religious discourse, but did not cause any territorial change from Tezpur, Assam road! ( August 2016 ) of Tawang constituency is Tsering Tashi and School for the wants. Nearest Airport at a road distance of 350 kilometres ( 170 mi ) lodged a formal complaint against Britain tourist... Monastery by the 5th Dalai Lama said that in the world after Lhasa ’ s Palace! Associated with Lhasa’s Drupeng monastery of Tibetan Buddhism that have remained protected from Mao 's Cultural Revolution without damage., sheep, monkeys and so forth handwritten set has 131 volumes and the other 125 volumes ; letters... Divine and auspicious guidance and decided to establish the monastery to train, it is on the condition it... Monastery & other adventurous activities in Tawang British representatives '' set within the precincts of the which. It is also the biggest Buddhist monastery in India this climate is classified as.... Lamaseries of Mahayana sects Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso Lama refused to recognize India 's sovereignty over Arunachal government.

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