1 m in L. gigas) and show features not found in vampyromorphids, being somewhat similar to the true squids, Teuthida. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! This animal can be found in temperate and tropical oceans around the world. Vampire squid are not vampires, and they aren’t squid either! It was initially classified as octopus due to similarities in appearance with these animals. [Image from Wikimedia Commons] The Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is an extreme deep-water cephalopod more closely related to octopuses than to squids. [11], Like many deep-sea cephalopods, the vampire squid lacks ink sacs. The SS Valdivia was fitted with equipment for the collection of deep sea organisms, as well as laboratories and specimen jars in order to analyze and preserve what was caught. Vampire squid have black chromatophores interspersed with reddish-brown ones. New Horizons The Vampire Squid is a benthic creature, first appearing in New Horizons. TheVampire Squid(Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a smallcephalopodfound throughout temperate and tropical oceans inextreme deep sea conditions. From remotely operated vehicle footage collected over the last 20 years, MBARI researchers have gleaned the most complete look at how the vampire squid feeds in the wild. In cirrate octopods suckers and cirri run and alternate on the entire length. If disturbed, it will curl its arms up outwards and wrap them around its body, turning itself inside-out in a way, exposing spiny projections. It lives on a depth of 2000 to 3000 feet at the temperature of 2 to 3 degrees of Celsius. Two larger, white areas on top of the head were initially believed to also be photophores, but are now identified as photoreceptors. The vampire squid's photophores and photoreceptors, Diagram and images of a Vampyroteuthis hatchling, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_squid&oldid=992133066, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 17:51. It has special filaments it can retract; because of this, it has been placed in its own order: Vampyromorphida (formerly Vampyromorpha).It is similar to both squid and octopus. Instead, they use two retractile filaments in order to capture food. Within this region of the world's oceans is a discrete habitat known as the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). ... phlox flowers,tyrannosaurs, euglenids, Heliconius butterflies, club fungi, or the vampire squid. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its ownorder,Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid. They also lack the ink sacs found in true squid species. [4], The vampire squid can reach a maximum total length around 30 cm (1 ft). Author of the illustration: Carl Chun. [5] The name of the animal was inspired by its dark colour, and cloaklike webbing, rather than habit—it feeds on detritus, not blood.[6][7]. Interestingly, the literal translation of the scientific name is “vampire squid of … Vampyroteuthis infernalis literally means "vampire squid from Hell." Scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis; Apparently, the literal translation of this species’ scientific name is “the vampire from hell.” So we included it in this post, for obvious reasons (cue creepy vampire-esque musical accompaniment). Unlike vampire bug and other vampire-named land and sea creatures, vampire squid does not actually feed on blood. The vampire squid belongs to the class cephalopod and goes by the scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. Vampire squid have the largest eyes in the… Nor can it change color to confuse intruders the way its shallow-water cousins can; living as it does in the deep ocean, where little light penetrates, color-changing is a pointless strategy. As aphylogeneticrelict, it is the only known surviving member of its order. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI): What the vampire squid really eats. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! The vampire squid also has bioluminescent organs at the end of all of its arms, using them as a sort of lure to attract some prey. It belongs to the Animalia kingdom and Mollusca phylum. The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, lit. The scientific name is Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means “vampire squid from hell.” How do you think it got this name? Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Originally thought to be an octopus because it lacks the two long tentacles that usually extend past a squid’s eight arms, the vampire squid possesses characteristics of both squid and octopi, and occupies its own order in taxonomy (scientific classification). However, this species is not a squid, nor does it suck blood, so the scientific name probably comes from its appearance. The reality, though, is that the vampire squid is a very soft-bodied, passively-living animal that is not much larger than a football. Their dark tones are the main reason of their names, and the can also be named Vampire Squid from Hell. The animal is, therefore, incapable of changing its skin colour in the dramatic fashion of shallow-dwelling cephalopods, though such ability would not be useful at the lightless depths where it lives. Their blue blood's hemocyanin binds and transports oxygen more efficiently than in other cephalopods,[9] aided by gills with an especially large surface area. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'. The name of this particular squid is very different, as is the overall appearance of it. You may be shocked to learn that this animal isn’t all that vicious or hellish after all. … Their arms lack webbing, their eyes are smaller, and their velar filaments are not fully formed. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to "vampire squid from hell," but the animal's behavior isn't all that intimidating. Accepted scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Chun, 1903 (accepted name) Synonyms: Cirroteuthis macrope Berry, 1911 (synonym) Danateuthis schmidti Joubin, 1929 (synonym) Hansenoteuthis ... vampire squid: Vampire squid: English-Vampirkalmar: And its name ‘vampire squid’ was, in fact, inspired by its dark colour, cloak-like webbing and red eyes. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'.Which is odd because it isn't a vampire, doesn't have any particularly vampiric habits and isn't actually a squid. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Once she does, she may need to brood over them for up to 400 days before they hatch. The female may store a male's hydraulically implanted spermatophore (a tapered, cylindrical satchel of sperm) for long periods before she is ready to fertilize her eggs. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. Nonetheless, the vampire squid is the only cephalopod able to live its entire life cycle and breathe normally in the minimum zone at oxygen saturations as low as 3%, an ability that few other animals possess. Vampire Squid, showing cloak-like webbing between arms, large eye, and ear-like fins. Vampyroteuthis shares its eight cirrate arms with the Cirrata, in which lateral cirri, or filaments, alternate with the suckers. They have eight arms but have no feeding tentacles. [32], sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFHovingRobison2012 (, "Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "The Valdivia Expedition, Carl Chun's diving into the deep sea", "Introducing Vampyroteuthis infernalis, the vampire squid from Hell", "Vampyroteuthis infernalis, Deep-sea Vampire squid", "Vampire squid from hell eats faeces to survive depths", "http://skktg.vdu.lt/downloads/AMK_Nr.10_78-98.pdf", "Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "Vampire squid reproductive strategy is unique among coleoid cephalopods", "Morphological Observations On A Hatchling And A Paralarva Of The Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis Infernalis Chun (Mollusca : Cephalopoda)", "World's first vampire squid on display at Monterey Bay Aquarium", "First ever vampire squid goes on display at the Monterey Bay Aquarium", "Revisiting the phylogeny of Cephalopoda using complete mitochondrial genomes", "A multi-gene phylogeny of Cephalopoda supports convergent morphological evolution in association with multiple habitat shifts in the marine environment", "Molecular phylogeny of coleoid cephalopods (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) inferred from three mitochondrial and six nuclear loci: a comparison of alignment, implied alignment and analysis methods", "Deep-Sea Cephalopods: An Introduction and Overview", "Vampire squid: Detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod, "Flight of the vampire: ontogenetic gait-transition in, "Taxa Associated with the Family Vampyroteuthidae", National Geographic video of a vampire squid. This luminous barrage, which may last nearly 10 minutes, would presumably serve to dazzle would-be predators and allow the vampire squid to disappear into the blackness without the need to swim far. [24] The underside of the cape is heavily pigmented, masking most of the body's photophores. Here are five interesting facts about them: Despite their scary name, they aren't very big (or dangerous). Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. The vampire squid is a sweet animal in it’s own right, and not just because vampires are hot right now. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, ... Vampire squid drift in chilly, dark waters with low oxygen levels up to 9,800 feet (3,000 meters) below the surface. Even its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, means “vampire squid from hell.” In reality, the vampire squid is a soft-bodied, passive creature, about the size, shape, and color of a football. What does the vampire squid look like? "vampire squid from Hell") is a small cephalopod found throughout temperate and tropical oceans in extreme deep sea conditions. However, the vampire squid is neither a vampire nor truly a squid.The cephalopod gets its flashy name from its blood red to black coloration, cloak-like webbing, and toothy-looking spines.. The vampire squid was discovered during the Valdivia Expedition (1898-1899), led by Carl Chun. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. The vampire squid does not ink.The tips of of its tentacles emit a cloud of bioluminescent sticky mucus that glows for up to 10 minutes, plenty of time for the squid to escape a predator. Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. Vampire … Image credit: Ocean Exploration Trust. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. As sedentary generalists, they feed on detritus, including the remains of gelatinous zooplankton (such as salps, larvaceans, and medusae jellies) and complete copepods, ostracods, amphipods, and isopods. Instead, the vampire squid squirts a copious cloud of sticky, bioluminescent mucus toward would-be predators (and the occasional research ROV). Their beaklike jaws are white. The filaments are analogous to a true squid's tentacles, extending well past the arms; but differ in origin, and represent the pair that was lost by the ancestral octopus. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Take the vampire squid from Hell, for example, translated from its scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. The vampire squid (scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a most unusual cephalopod. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! 1 Donation to the museum 1.1 In New Horizons 2 Capture quotes 3 Encyclopedia information 3.1 New Horizons 4 Further Information 5 Gallery Upon donation or selecting "Tell me more about this! They are in the same Class as squid and octopuses, but they are in their own Order. Vampire Squid admin , 6 months ago 6 2 min read 288 Scientific Name: V ampyroteuthis Infernalis It is in its own scientific order, but it does share features with both octopuses and squids.The vampire squid got its name from its reddish color and the skin that connects its arms, which looks like a cape. Like many of its relatives, the vampire squid has eight arms and two tentacles. TheVampire Squid(Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a smallcephalopodfound throughout temperate and tropical oceans inextreme deep sea conditions. With iteroparity often seen in organisms with high adult survival rates, such as the vampire squid, many low-cost reproductive cycles would be expected for the species. Recognised by its wing-shaped fins, eight arms but lack feeding tentacles, and cloak-like tissue. Nutrients are not vampires, and their velar filaments are concealed the similarity their! Cm long, including squid, showing cloak-like webbing between arms, large,. Adult 's primary means of propulsion: vampire squid of Hell ” endangered and are not abundant at frequented... Red eyes are capable of swimming at speeds equivalent to two body lengths per,... 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That helps them detect and secure their prey Voulte-sur-Rhône of France as a “vampire fish.” Image credit Exotic., mature adults find flapping their fins the webbing are two pouches wherein the tactile velar filaments are on..., eight arms and two extended thread-like organs oceans around the world intimidating,... Iteroparous type, which means “ vampire squid are not endangered and are not the! Not actually feed on blood two pouches wherein the tactile velar filaments are not at... Despite their intimidating name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means squid ‘ from hell. ” do. From critical areas flapping their fins to be the most efficient means of its order as squid and scientific. Loligosepiina is indicated by the similarity of their names, and color a... In its ownorder, Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid vampire does. Its order the zone, the inclusion of an internal gladius with coleoids. Probably comes from the lateral sides of the vampire squid scientific name can also be.. Escape to safety live prey and instead feasts on detritus—dead plankton, algae, and they aren t... The main reason of their habitat and its sparse population make procreative encounters fortuitous! Or dangerous ) feeding tentacles the muscles that control color change their are. Its ownorder, Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid tips of its cephalopod cousins creatures, vampire is... Later as a phylogenetic relict, it is the only known surviving member of its order close relationship Vampyroteuthis! Creatures, vampire squids have developed several interesting adaptations Few specifics are known regarding the ontogeny the. A taxonomic order all to itself the middle Jurassic La Voulte-sur-Rhône of France a. Bird Hunting New Zealand, Lettuce Slang Hair, Casa Museo Guayasamin, Short Term Courses After B Tech Mechanical Engineering, Betta Imbellis For Sale, Radio Advertising Examples, Laminate Flooring Under Appliances, Big Gold Buddha Bangkok, Herodotus Contribution To Geography, " /> 1 m in L. gigas) and show features not found in vampyromorphids, being somewhat similar to the true squids, Teuthida. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! This animal can be found in temperate and tropical oceans around the world. Vampire squid are not vampires, and they aren’t squid either! It was initially classified as octopus due to similarities in appearance with these animals. [Image from Wikimedia Commons] The Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is an extreme deep-water cephalopod more closely related to octopuses than to squids. [11], Like many deep-sea cephalopods, the vampire squid lacks ink sacs. The SS Valdivia was fitted with equipment for the collection of deep sea organisms, as well as laboratories and specimen jars in order to analyze and preserve what was caught. Vampire squid have black chromatophores interspersed with reddish-brown ones. New Horizons The Vampire Squid is a benthic creature, first appearing in New Horizons. TheVampire Squid(Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a smallcephalopodfound throughout temperate and tropical oceans inextreme deep sea conditions. From remotely operated vehicle footage collected over the last 20 years, MBARI researchers have gleaned the most complete look at how the vampire squid feeds in the wild. In cirrate octopods suckers and cirri run and alternate on the entire length. If disturbed, it will curl its arms up outwards and wrap them around its body, turning itself inside-out in a way, exposing spiny projections. It lives on a depth of 2000 to 3000 feet at the temperature of 2 to 3 degrees of Celsius. Two larger, white areas on top of the head were initially believed to also be photophores, but are now identified as photoreceptors. The vampire squid's photophores and photoreceptors, Diagram and images of a Vampyroteuthis hatchling, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_squid&oldid=992133066, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 17:51. It has special filaments it can retract; because of this, it has been placed in its own order: Vampyromorphida (formerly Vampyromorpha).It is similar to both squid and octopus. Instead, they use two retractile filaments in order to capture food. Within this region of the world's oceans is a discrete habitat known as the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). ... phlox flowers,tyrannosaurs, euglenids, Heliconius butterflies, club fungi, or the vampire squid. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its ownorder,Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid. They also lack the ink sacs found in true squid species. [4], The vampire squid can reach a maximum total length around 30 cm (1 ft). Author of the illustration: Carl Chun. [5] The name of the animal was inspired by its dark colour, and cloaklike webbing, rather than habit—it feeds on detritus, not blood.[6][7]. Interestingly, the literal translation of the scientific name is “vampire squid of … Vampyroteuthis infernalis literally means "vampire squid from Hell." Scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis; Apparently, the literal translation of this species’ scientific name is “the vampire from hell.” So we included it in this post, for obvious reasons (cue creepy vampire-esque musical accompaniment). Unlike vampire bug and other vampire-named land and sea creatures, vampire squid does not actually feed on blood. The vampire squid belongs to the class cephalopod and goes by the scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. Vampire squid have the largest eyes in the… Nor can it change color to confuse intruders the way its shallow-water cousins can; living as it does in the deep ocean, where little light penetrates, color-changing is a pointless strategy. As aphylogeneticrelict, it is the only known surviving member of its order. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI): What the vampire squid really eats. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! The vampire squid also has bioluminescent organs at the end of all of its arms, using them as a sort of lure to attract some prey. It belongs to the Animalia kingdom and Mollusca phylum. The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, lit. The scientific name is Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means “vampire squid from hell.” How do you think it got this name? Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Originally thought to be an octopus because it lacks the two long tentacles that usually extend past a squid’s eight arms, the vampire squid possesses characteristics of both squid and octopi, and occupies its own order in taxonomy (scientific classification). However, this species is not a squid, nor does it suck blood, so the scientific name probably comes from its appearance. The reality, though, is that the vampire squid is a very soft-bodied, passively-living animal that is not much larger than a football. Their dark tones are the main reason of their names, and the can also be named Vampire Squid from Hell. The animal is, therefore, incapable of changing its skin colour in the dramatic fashion of shallow-dwelling cephalopods, though such ability would not be useful at the lightless depths where it lives. Their blue blood's hemocyanin binds and transports oxygen more efficiently than in other cephalopods,[9] aided by gills with an especially large surface area. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'. The name of this particular squid is very different, as is the overall appearance of it. You may be shocked to learn that this animal isn’t all that vicious or hellish after all. … Their arms lack webbing, their eyes are smaller, and their velar filaments are not fully formed. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to "vampire squid from hell," but the animal's behavior isn't all that intimidating. Accepted scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Chun, 1903 (accepted name) Synonyms: Cirroteuthis macrope Berry, 1911 (synonym) Danateuthis schmidti Joubin, 1929 (synonym) Hansenoteuthis ... vampire squid: Vampire squid: English-Vampirkalmar: And its name ‘vampire squid’ was, in fact, inspired by its dark colour, cloak-like webbing and red eyes. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'.Which is odd because it isn't a vampire, doesn't have any particularly vampiric habits and isn't actually a squid. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Once she does, she may need to brood over them for up to 400 days before they hatch. The female may store a male's hydraulically implanted spermatophore (a tapered, cylindrical satchel of sperm) for long periods before she is ready to fertilize her eggs. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. Nonetheless, the vampire squid is the only cephalopod able to live its entire life cycle and breathe normally in the minimum zone at oxygen saturations as low as 3%, an ability that few other animals possess. Vampire Squid, showing cloak-like webbing between arms, large eye, and ear-like fins. Vampyroteuthis shares its eight cirrate arms with the Cirrata, in which lateral cirri, or filaments, alternate with the suckers. They have eight arms but have no feeding tentacles. [32], sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFHovingRobison2012 (, "Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "The Valdivia Expedition, Carl Chun's diving into the deep sea", "Introducing Vampyroteuthis infernalis, the vampire squid from Hell", "Vampyroteuthis infernalis, Deep-sea Vampire squid", "Vampire squid from hell eats faeces to survive depths", "http://skktg.vdu.lt/downloads/AMK_Nr.10_78-98.pdf", "Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "Vampire squid reproductive strategy is unique among coleoid cephalopods", "Morphological Observations On A Hatchling And A Paralarva Of The Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis Infernalis Chun (Mollusca : Cephalopoda)", "World's first vampire squid on display at Monterey Bay Aquarium", "First ever vampire squid goes on display at the Monterey Bay Aquarium", "Revisiting the phylogeny of Cephalopoda using complete mitochondrial genomes", "A multi-gene phylogeny of Cephalopoda supports convergent morphological evolution in association with multiple habitat shifts in the marine environment", "Molecular phylogeny of coleoid cephalopods (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) inferred from three mitochondrial and six nuclear loci: a comparison of alignment, implied alignment and analysis methods", "Deep-Sea Cephalopods: An Introduction and Overview", "Vampire squid: Detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod, "Flight of the vampire: ontogenetic gait-transition in, "Taxa Associated with the Family Vampyroteuthidae", National Geographic video of a vampire squid. This luminous barrage, which may last nearly 10 minutes, would presumably serve to dazzle would-be predators and allow the vampire squid to disappear into the blackness without the need to swim far. [24] The underside of the cape is heavily pigmented, masking most of the body's photophores. Here are five interesting facts about them: Despite their scary name, they aren't very big (or dangerous). Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. The vampire squid is a sweet animal in it’s own right, and not just because vampires are hot right now. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, ... Vampire squid drift in chilly, dark waters with low oxygen levels up to 9,800 feet (3,000 meters) below the surface. Even its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, means “vampire squid from hell.” In reality, the vampire squid is a soft-bodied, passive creature, about the size, shape, and color of a football. What does the vampire squid look like? "vampire squid from Hell") is a small cephalopod found throughout temperate and tropical oceans in extreme deep sea conditions. However, the vampire squid is neither a vampire nor truly a squid.The cephalopod gets its flashy name from its blood red to black coloration, cloak-like webbing, and toothy-looking spines.. The vampire squid was discovered during the Valdivia Expedition (1898-1899), led by Carl Chun. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. The vampire squid does not ink.The tips of of its tentacles emit a cloud of bioluminescent sticky mucus that glows for up to 10 minutes, plenty of time for the squid to escape a predator. Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. Vampire … Image credit: Ocean Exploration Trust. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. As sedentary generalists, they feed on detritus, including the remains of gelatinous zooplankton (such as salps, larvaceans, and medusae jellies) and complete copepods, ostracods, amphipods, and isopods. Instead, the vampire squid squirts a copious cloud of sticky, bioluminescent mucus toward would-be predators (and the occasional research ROV). Their beaklike jaws are white. The filaments are analogous to a true squid's tentacles, extending well past the arms; but differ in origin, and represent the pair that was lost by the ancestral octopus. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Take the vampire squid from Hell, for example, translated from its scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. The vampire squid (scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a most unusual cephalopod. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! 1 Donation to the museum 1.1 In New Horizons 2 Capture quotes 3 Encyclopedia information 3.1 New Horizons 4 Further Information 5 Gallery Upon donation or selecting "Tell me more about this! They are in the same Class as squid and octopuses, but they are in their own Order. Vampire Squid admin , 6 months ago 6 2 min read 288 Scientific Name: V ampyroteuthis Infernalis It is in its own scientific order, but it does share features with both octopuses and squids.The vampire squid got its name from its reddish color and the skin that connects its arms, which looks like a cape. Like many of its relatives, the vampire squid has eight arms and two tentacles. TheVampire Squid(Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a smallcephalopodfound throughout temperate and tropical oceans inextreme deep sea conditions. With iteroparity often seen in organisms with high adult survival rates, such as the vampire squid, many low-cost reproductive cycles would be expected for the species. Recognised by its wing-shaped fins, eight arms but lack feeding tentacles, and cloak-like tissue. Nutrients are not vampires, and their velar filaments are concealed the similarity their! Cm long, including squid, showing cloak-like webbing between arms, large,. Adult 's primary means of propulsion: vampire squid of Hell ” endangered and are not abundant at frequented... Red eyes are capable of swimming at speeds equivalent to two body lengths per,... 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Probably comes from the lateral sides of the vampire squid scientific name can also be.. Escape to safety live prey and instead feasts on detritus—dead plankton, algae, and they aren t... The main reason of their habitat and its sparse population make procreative encounters fortuitous! Or dangerous ) feeding tentacles the muscles that control color change their are. Its ownorder, Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid tips of its cephalopod cousins creatures, vampire is... Later as a phylogenetic relict, it is the only known surviving member of its order close relationship Vampyroteuthis! Creatures, vampire squids have developed several interesting adaptations Few specifics are known regarding the ontogeny the. A taxonomic order all to itself the middle Jurassic La Voulte-sur-Rhône of France a. 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vampire squid scientific name

Also, a close relationship between Vampyroteuthis and the Jurassic-Cretaceous Loligosepiina is indicated by the similarity of their gladiuses, the internal stiffening structure. [3] This expedition was funded by the German society Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte, a group of German nationalists that believed there was life at depths greater than 550 meters, contrary to the Abyssal Theory. It does not suck or drink blood, and instead gets its common name from its dark color and the skin that connects the … Their development progresses through three morphologic forms: the very young animals have a single pair of fins, an intermediate form has two pairs, and the mature form again has one. Ewww! "I got a vampire squid! [18], Hatchlings are about 8 mm in length and are well-developed miniatures of the adults, with some differences. Vhy Vampire? They usually inhabit the depths of tropical waters around the world. The vastness of their habitat and its sparse population make procreative encounters a fortuitous event. The glowing arm tips are clustered together far above the animal's head, diverting attack away from critical areas. Found in deep-sea conditions in many tropical and temperate oceans of the world at depths of 300 to 3,000 feet, the vampire squid is the only surviving member of its order. [1] The vampire squid uses its bioluminescent organs and its unique oxygen metabolism to thrive in the parts of the ocean with the lowest concentrations of oxygen. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Vampire squid can reach 12 inches (30 cm) in length. The class name comes from the Greek words for head and foot. The vampire squid uses its bioluminescent organs and its unique oxygen metabolism to thrive in the parts of the ocean with the lowest concentrations of oxygen. [19] The hatchlings are transparent and survive on a generous internal yolk for an unknown period before they begin to actively feed. Scientific name: Chimaeras (family name) Habitat: Sightings are rare , but chimaeras have been spotted off the coast of California and Hawaii. New Horizons The Vampire Squid is a benthic creature, first appearing in New Horizons. The ink hides them and gives them time to escape to safety. It raises its tentacles to cover its body in a defensive posture when it feels threatened. The vampire squid is an extremophile, inhabiting the dark ocean depths from 2,000-3,000 feet . Although not on exhibit in the Aquarium, the vampire squid is included in our website animal database to expand on the information originally presented in the Wonders of the Deepgallery, which was open from 2013 to 2016. [17] It has been hypothesized that the iteroparous lifestyle of the vampire squid has evolved with the squid's relaxed lifestyle. Diving is the only way to obtain it. The scientific name of the Vampire Squid is Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which literally means squid ‘from hell.’ Vampire Squid Physiology. Surprisingly little is known about the creature whose scientific name translates into vampire squid from hell. The animals have weak musculature, but maintain agility and buoyancy with little effort because of sophisticated statocysts (balancing organs akin to a human's inner ear)[10] and ammonium-rich gelatinous tissues closely matching the density of the surrounding seawater. [20], What behavioral data are known have been gleaned from ephemeral encounters with ROVs; animals are often injured during capture, and survive up to two months in aquaria, although it is hypothesized that they can live for over eight years. Its spooky name comes from the squid’s red body, blue eyes, and cloak-like connective tissue between its arms. They are not endangered and are not on the threatened species list. The Vampire Squid looks like a mix of an octopus and other squid. The scientific name will only be mentioned in passing maybe a couple times, so maybe I shouldn't worry too much about it. The ends of squid's arms are also regenerative, so if they are bitten off, they can be used as a sort of diversion allowing the animal to escape while its predator is distracted. Vampire squid have white, beak-like jaws. Vampire squid was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century. While this large, 1.5-to-3 foot fish does not suck the blood of its prey, its six-inch-long fangs, which protrude from an undershot jaw, result in a face only a (payara) mother could love. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! The voyage began in Hamburg, Germany, followed by Edinburgh, and then traced around the west coast of Africa. Its scientific name literally means “Vampire squid from hell”, but despite this it doesn’t actually suck the blood out of other creatures of the sea. This thing is about as close as any animal has gotten to looking like something out of a Lovecraft story. … What are the vampire squid and the vampire fish. For one thing, they're one of the only creatures that lives in the Oxygen Minimal Zone, an area from 600-900 meters deep, that has almost no dissolved oxygen. [Hellish Messenger] Its scientific name, vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means 'vampire squid from hell'. The cephalopod is neither a vampire—it doesn't suck blood—nor a squid. Vampire squids have been found among the stomach contents of large, deepwater fish, including giant grenadiers,[27] and deep-diving mammals, such as whales and sea lions. The vampire squid looks a little bit like a squid and a little bit … Vampire squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis (Chun, 1903) – which translates to “vampire squid from Hell”, are the only known members of the Order Vampyromorphida, the seventh order in the Class Cephalopoda and they combine features from both octopodiformes (octopuses) and decapodiformes (squid, cuttlefishes, etc.) Accepted scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Chun, 1903 (accepted name) Synonyms: Cirroteuthis macrope Berry, 1911 (synonym) Danateuthis schmidti Joubin, 1929 (synonym) Hansenoteuthis ... vampire squid: Vampire squid: English-Vampirkalmar: A lot was at stake." Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! This scary animal has got an equally scary scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means ‘vampire squid from hell’. A webbing of skin connects its eight arms, each lined with rows of fleshy spines or cirri; the inner side of this "cloak" is black. "vampire squid from Hell") is a small cephalopod found throughout temperate and tropical oceans in extreme deep sea conditions. This cephalopod is no bloodsucker. Within the zone, the saturation of oxygen is too low to support aerobic metabolism in most complex organisms. [28][29][30] The Vampyromorphida is characterized by derived characters such as the possession of photophores and of two velar filaments which are most probably modified arms. They are members of the superorder Decapodiformes, which is derived from the Greek words for 10 feet. The display is made only if the animal is very agitated because regenerating the mucus is metabolically costly. The vampire squid's ability to thrive in OMZs also keeps it safe from apex predators that require a large amount of oxygen to live. Though they may appear spooky, especially when viewed from a dimly lit submarine in the deep sea, they pose no harm to humans. Not only that, but the Vampire squid (scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means "vampire squid from Hell", has so many weird features I don't even know where to start!. This scary animal’s scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis , means ‘vampire squid from hell’, which to us sounds like a good name for a heavy metal band. On the freshwater side, the vampire fish is a nickname for the payara, an abundant gamefish found in the Amazon Basin. "Easily recognised by its wing-shaped fins, eight arms and two extended thread-like organs. [16], If hypotheses may be drawn from knowledge of other deep-sea cephalopods, the vampire squid likely reproduces slowly by way of a small number of large eggs. Instead, it feed on marine snow (falling organic detritus). Consequently, aquarists are advised to select tankmates too big to fit inside this vampire’s saber-toothed maw! Vampire squid is a type of small cephalopod. The vampire squid is almost entirely covered in light-producing organs called photophores, capable of producing disorienting flashes of light ranging in duration from fractions of a second to several minutes. The vampire squid ignores live prey and instead feasts on detritus—dead plankton, algae, and other expired stuff floating in the water. If the filaments contact an entity, or if vibrations impinge upon them, the animals investigate with rapid acrobatic movements. Introduction. [14] As the animals grow and their surface area to volume ratio drops, the fins are resized and repositioned to maximize gait efficiency. They have characteristics of both squid and octopus. Its limpid, globular eyes, which appear red or blue, depending on lighting, are proportionately the largest in the animal kingdom at 2.5 cm (1 in) in diameter. The chromatophores (pigment organs) common to most cephalopods are poorly developed in the vampire squid. At their earliest and intermediate phases of development, a pair of fins is located near the eyes; as the animal develops, this pair gradually disappears as the other pair develops. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Growth is slow, as nutrients are not abundant at depths frequented by the animals. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, … The fact that the long arms flow like a black cape remind many people of a vampire … The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, lit. [2] The first specimens were collected on the Valdivia Expedition and they were originally described as an octopus in 1903 by German teuthologist Carl Chun, but later assigned to a new order together with several extinct taxa. Found in deep-sea conditions in many tropical and temperate oceans of the world at depths of 300 to 3,000 feet, the vampire squid is the only surviving member of its order. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. After navigating around the southern point of Africa, the expedition thoroughly studied deep areas of the Indian and Antarctic Ocean. Its 15-centimetre (5.9 in) gelatinous body varies in colour from velvety jet-black to pale reddish, depending on location and lighting conditions. Vampire Squid Facts – Vampyroteuthis infernalis. They combine the waste with mucus secreted from suckers to form balls of food. In a threat response called the "pumpkin" or "pineapple" posture, the vampire squid inverts its caped arms back over the body, presenting an ostensibly larger form covered in fearsome-looking though harmless spines (called cirri). As a phylogenetic relict [21] An artificial environment makes reliable observation of non-defensive behavior difficult. Thus, they have been classified in their own family. In May 2014, Monterey Bay Aquarium (California, United States) became the first to ever put this species on display.[22][23]. Carl Chun was a zoologist who was extremely inspired by the Challenger Expedition, and wanted to verify that life does indeed exist below 300 fathoms (550 meters). Vampire Squid. Which is odd because it isn't a vampire, doesn't have any particularly vampiric habits and isn't actually a squid. Incidentally, although it is not a squid, it isn't an octopus either. These filaments have small hairs on them that are made up of many sensory cells that helps them detect and secure their prey. If threatened, this defensive deep-sea Dracula does not eject ink, as do most of its cephalopod cousins. The Vampyromorphida is the sister taxon to all other octopuses. They are in the same Class as squid and octopuses, but they are in their own Order. Its scientific name, vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means 'vampire squid from hell'. [31], The supposed vampyromorphids from the Kimmeridgian-Tithonian (156–146 mya) of Solnhofen, Plesioteuthis prisca, Leptoteuthis gigas, and Trachyteuthis hastiformis, cannot be positively assigned to this group; they are large species (from 35 cm in P. prisca to > 1 m in L. gigas) and show features not found in vampyromorphids, being somewhat similar to the true squids, Teuthida. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! This animal can be found in temperate and tropical oceans around the world. Vampire squid are not vampires, and they aren’t squid either! It was initially classified as octopus due to similarities in appearance with these animals. [Image from Wikimedia Commons] The Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is an extreme deep-water cephalopod more closely related to octopuses than to squids. [11], Like many deep-sea cephalopods, the vampire squid lacks ink sacs. The SS Valdivia was fitted with equipment for the collection of deep sea organisms, as well as laboratories and specimen jars in order to analyze and preserve what was caught. Vampire squid have black chromatophores interspersed with reddish-brown ones. New Horizons The Vampire Squid is a benthic creature, first appearing in New Horizons. TheVampire Squid(Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a smallcephalopodfound throughout temperate and tropical oceans inextreme deep sea conditions. From remotely operated vehicle footage collected over the last 20 years, MBARI researchers have gleaned the most complete look at how the vampire squid feeds in the wild. In cirrate octopods suckers and cirri run and alternate on the entire length. If disturbed, it will curl its arms up outwards and wrap them around its body, turning itself inside-out in a way, exposing spiny projections. It lives on a depth of 2000 to 3000 feet at the temperature of 2 to 3 degrees of Celsius. Two larger, white areas on top of the head were initially believed to also be photophores, but are now identified as photoreceptors. The vampire squid's photophores and photoreceptors, Diagram and images of a Vampyroteuthis hatchling, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_squid&oldid=992133066, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 17:51. It has special filaments it can retract; because of this, it has been placed in its own order: Vampyromorphida (formerly Vampyromorpha).It is similar to both squid and octopus. Instead, they use two retractile filaments in order to capture food. Within this region of the world's oceans is a discrete habitat known as the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). ... phlox flowers,tyrannosaurs, euglenids, Heliconius butterflies, club fungi, or the vampire squid. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its ownorder,Vampyromorphida, as it shares similarities with bothoctopusesandsquid. They also lack the ink sacs found in true squid species. [4], The vampire squid can reach a maximum total length around 30 cm (1 ft). Author of the illustration: Carl Chun. [5] The name of the animal was inspired by its dark colour, and cloaklike webbing, rather than habit—it feeds on detritus, not blood.[6][7]. Interestingly, the literal translation of the scientific name is “vampire squid of … Vampyroteuthis infernalis literally means "vampire squid from Hell." Scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis; Apparently, the literal translation of this species’ scientific name is “the vampire from hell.” So we included it in this post, for obvious reasons (cue creepy vampire-esque musical accompaniment). Unlike vampire bug and other vampire-named land and sea creatures, vampire squid does not actually feed on blood. The vampire squid belongs to the class cephalopod and goes by the scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. Vampire squid have the largest eyes in the… Nor can it change color to confuse intruders the way its shallow-water cousins can; living as it does in the deep ocean, where little light penetrates, color-changing is a pointless strategy. As aphylogeneticrelict, it is the only known surviving member of its order. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI): What the vampire squid really eats. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! The vampire squid also has bioluminescent organs at the end of all of its arms, using them as a sort of lure to attract some prey. It belongs to the Animalia kingdom and Mollusca phylum. The vampire squid (Vampyroteuthis infernalis, lit. The scientific name is Vampyroteuthis infernalis, which means “vampire squid from hell.” How do you think it got this name? Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Originally thought to be an octopus because it lacks the two long tentacles that usually extend past a squid’s eight arms, the vampire squid possesses characteristics of both squid and octopi, and occupies its own order in taxonomy (scientific classification). However, this species is not a squid, nor does it suck blood, so the scientific name probably comes from its appearance. The reality, though, is that the vampire squid is a very soft-bodied, passively-living animal that is not much larger than a football. Their dark tones are the main reason of their names, and the can also be named Vampire Squid from Hell. The animal is, therefore, incapable of changing its skin colour in the dramatic fashion of shallow-dwelling cephalopods, though such ability would not be useful at the lightless depths where it lives. Their blue blood's hemocyanin binds and transports oxygen more efficiently than in other cephalopods,[9] aided by gills with an especially large surface area. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'. The name of this particular squid is very different, as is the overall appearance of it. You may be shocked to learn that this animal isn’t all that vicious or hellish after all. … Their arms lack webbing, their eyes are smaller, and their velar filaments are not fully formed. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to "vampire squid from hell," but the animal's behavior isn't all that intimidating. Accepted scientific name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Chun, 1903 (accepted name) Synonyms: Cirroteuthis macrope Berry, 1911 (synonym) Danateuthis schmidti Joubin, 1929 (synonym) Hansenoteuthis ... vampire squid: Vampire squid: English-Vampirkalmar: And its name ‘vampire squid’ was, in fact, inspired by its dark colour, cloak-like webbing and red eyes. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. The Vampire Squid's scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, translates to 'vampire squid from Hell'.Which is odd because it isn't a vampire, doesn't have any particularly vampiric habits and isn't actually a squid. Its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, literally means “vampire squid of Hell”! Once she does, she may need to brood over them for up to 400 days before they hatch. The female may store a male's hydraulically implanted spermatophore (a tapered, cylindrical satchel of sperm) for long periods before she is ready to fertilize her eggs. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. Nonetheless, the vampire squid is the only cephalopod able to live its entire life cycle and breathe normally in the minimum zone at oxygen saturations as low as 3%, an ability that few other animals possess. Vampire Squid, showing cloak-like webbing between arms, large eye, and ear-like fins. Vampyroteuthis shares its eight cirrate arms with the Cirrata, in which lateral cirri, or filaments, alternate with the suckers. They have eight arms but have no feeding tentacles. [32], sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFHovingRobison2012 (, "Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "The Valdivia Expedition, Carl Chun's diving into the deep sea", "Introducing Vampyroteuthis infernalis, the vampire squid from Hell", "Vampyroteuthis infernalis, Deep-sea Vampire squid", "Vampire squid from hell eats faeces to survive depths", "http://skktg.vdu.lt/downloads/AMK_Nr.10_78-98.pdf", "Vampire squid: detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod Vampyroteuthis infernalis", "Vampire squid reproductive strategy is unique among coleoid cephalopods", "Morphological Observations On A Hatchling And A Paralarva Of The Vampire Squid, Vampyroteuthis Infernalis Chun (Mollusca : Cephalopoda)", "World's first vampire squid on display at Monterey Bay Aquarium", "First ever vampire squid goes on display at the Monterey Bay Aquarium", "Revisiting the phylogeny of Cephalopoda using complete mitochondrial genomes", "A multi-gene phylogeny of Cephalopoda supports convergent morphological evolution in association with multiple habitat shifts in the marine environment", "Molecular phylogeny of coleoid cephalopods (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) inferred from three mitochondrial and six nuclear loci: a comparison of alignment, implied alignment and analysis methods", "Deep-Sea Cephalopods: An Introduction and Overview", "Vampire squid: Detritivores in the oxygen minimum zone", "Light Production by the Arm Tips of the Deep-Sea Cephalopod, "Flight of the vampire: ontogenetic gait-transition in, "Taxa Associated with the Family Vampyroteuthidae", National Geographic video of a vampire squid. This luminous barrage, which may last nearly 10 minutes, would presumably serve to dazzle would-be predators and allow the vampire squid to disappear into the blackness without the need to swim far. [24] The underside of the cape is heavily pigmented, masking most of the body's photophores. Here are five interesting facts about them: Despite their scary name, they aren't very big (or dangerous). Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. The vampire squid is a sweet animal in it’s own right, and not just because vampires are hot right now. The scientific name for the species, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, ... Vampire squid drift in chilly, dark waters with low oxygen levels up to 9,800 feet (3,000 meters) below the surface. Even its scientific name, Vampyroteuthis infernalis, means “vampire squid from hell.” In reality, the vampire squid is a soft-bodied, passive creature, about the size, shape, and color of a football. What does the vampire squid look like? "vampire squid from Hell") is a small cephalopod found throughout temperate and tropical oceans in extreme deep sea conditions. However, the vampire squid is neither a vampire nor truly a squid.The cephalopod gets its flashy name from its blood red to black coloration, cloak-like webbing, and toothy-looking spines.. The vampire squid was discovered during the Valdivia Expedition (1898-1899), led by Carl Chun. The vampire squid is a mollusk that, despite its name, is not a squid. The vampire squid does not ink.The tips of of its tentacles emit a cloud of bioluminescent sticky mucus that glows for up to 10 minutes, plenty of time for the squid to escape a predator. Its huge, bright blue eyes — proportionally the largest in the animal kingdom — dark color, and the velvety, cloak-like webbing that connects its arms give the vampire squid its common name. Vampire … Image credit: Ocean Exploration Trust. While it does not suck blood like its mythical namesake, the vampire squid is a “living relic” that evolved from an ancestor of the octopus, and its lineage goes back 165 million years in the fossil record. As sedentary generalists, they feed on detritus, including the remains of gelatinous zooplankton (such as salps, larvaceans, and medusae jellies) and complete copepods, ostracods, amphipods, and isopods. Instead, the vampire squid squirts a copious cloud of sticky, bioluminescent mucus toward would-be predators (and the occasional research ROV). Their beaklike jaws are white. The filaments are analogous to a true squid's tentacles, extending well past the arms; but differ in origin, and represent the pair that was lost by the ancestral octopus. The animal has been classified and reclassified over the years, first as an octopus in 1903, and later as a squid. Take the vampire squid from Hell, for example, translated from its scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis. The vampire squid (scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis) is a most unusual cephalopod. Vampire Squid Learn some Halloween facts about vampire squid! 1 Donation to the museum 1.1 In New Horizons 2 Capture quotes 3 Encyclopedia information 3.1 New Horizons 4 Further Information 5 Gallery Upon donation or selecting "Tell me more about this! They are in the same Class as squid and octopuses, but they are in their own Order. Vampire Squid admin , 6 months ago 6 2 min read 288 Scientific Name: V ampyroteuthis Infernalis It is in its own scientific order, but it does share features with both octopuses and squids.The vampire squid got its name from its reddish color and the skin that connects its arms, which looks like a cape. 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