greece in the 1990s
To do so, we collect a unique dataset of images appearing in three major national news magazines’ articles about, Research examining juror perceptions of juveniles tried as adults has provided mixed results, with some studies providing evidence of bias against juveniles tried as adults, and others finding no evidence of this bias. Comparative Social Surveys, City University, London, 2003. The third section concentrates on the analysis of political discourse, namely interviews with non-governmental organisations, trade union representatives and public administration employees in Athens, Rome and Madrid. In 2004, the Greek government openly admitted that its budget figures had been doctored to meet the entry requirements for the Eurozone's single currency. Moreover, many Albanians convert to Orthodox Christianity, adopt Greek Christian names and use the Greek language exclusively in order to assimilate. Then Turkey threatened to attack the Greek Cypriot-run internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus if it deployed Russian long-range S-300 air defence missiles. The Guide proposes a three-pronged test which establishes a threshold of harm, and requires direct causation together with a belligerent nexus. immigration or immigrants in the U.S. between 2000 and 2010. identities, interests and information', British Journal of Political Science, 37(3), July 2007; Rita A list of notable films produced in Greece in the 1990s.. 1990s. Xenophobia and Development, Alexandria, Athens, 1998 (in Greek); Eurobarometer Opinion Poll No. Over the last decade, the unprecedented influx of refugees and migrants into the European Union has posed a significant challenge to Europe, with solidarity being contested at two fronts: first, the question of solidarity with refugees in terms of meeting adequate measures of protection and satisfying their elementary needs; and second, the question of solidarity within the European Union in terms of sharing the costs and burden of hosting these refugees among the member states. This paper contributes to a small but growing body of work examining the development of the 'spaces of care' springing up in the interstices of a 'revanchist' city, by examining the development and internal dynamics of day centres for homeless people in the UK. Ethnicity, age and racialized exclusions all intersect with sexist relations and practices within Greek society and the ethnic communities under study. Parsanoglou and Miltos Pavlou (eds), Immigrants in Greece, Ellinika Grammata, Athens, 2001. Practice and Research, 6(3), July 2005, p. 251. In addition to the basic principles of nondiscrimination and equality in law and in fact that apply to all, additional legal principles inherent in the notion of a minority have evolved, such as the r… Xenophobia and racism increased with the rise of the number of immigrants but never became a salient topic in Greek politics, as newly arriving immigrants from neighbouring countries were perceived as temporary and a Greek 'ethos of hospitality and solidarity' still prevailed in public sentiments (Kiprianos et al., 2003; ... 22 At the same time, Greek mass attitudes during this period were marked by a preference for cultural homogeneity and a security perception of migrants connecting migrants to increasing levels of crime. Moreover, it is expected that immigrants are represented as Others, alien to the ingroup and, therefore, to be excluded from the host society. On the other hand, recent studies have shown that the situation of the immigrants has started to improve. An attempt at synthesis. At the individual level, cultural and national identity, economic interests and the level of information about immigration are all important predictors of attitudes. In this context, the policy is characterized by dilemmas and hesitations. The measures, applied amidst the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression, proved to be one of the largest factors attributing to Greece's economic implosion. What Is the Story Behind Greece's Downfall? paper, Hellenic Observatory, European Institute, London School of Economics and Political The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) refers to all of the countries that have adopted a free trade an monetary agreement in the Eurozone. Barry Buzan, 'Societal security, state security and internationalisation', in Ole ), Population Movements and Development, Papazisis, Grexit, short for "Greek exit," refers to Greece's potential withdrawal from the Euro-zone and the reintroduction of the drachma as its currency. Gabriella Lazaridis, 'The Helots of the new These lower interest rates allowed Greece to borrow at a much cheaper rate than before 2001, fueling an increase in spending. cit., p. 155. commedia.net.gr/files/more/anafores/STATE_OF_PLAY_2007.pdf. Our analysis demonstrates a general tendency to frame immigrants in a negative light, consistent with a “threat” narrative but inconsistent with actual immigrant demographics. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The emergence of mass migration to Greece in the 1990s—one unforeseen by political elites and the mass public—resulted in markedly increased levels of hostility and fear vis-à-vis migrants. It argues that (in)securitization of immigration and illiberal practices are effects of the very functioning of a transnational field of (in)security professionals that are produced through the structural competition between different actors of this field over the definition of security and the appropriate control and management of immigration. cit. Its principal exports include food (especially fruit and nuts), clothing and apparel, machinery, and refined petroleum and petroleum … The paper argues that the construction of the Evros fence is closely associated with changing perceptions of threat and the framing of migrants as risky and threatening both at the national and the EU levels. This paper addresses the complex issue of Albanian migrants' economic and social incorporation in a Greek city, Thessaloniki. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation revealed a six-factor solution, including approach acceptance, death avoidance, escape acceptance, neutral acceptance, fear of death, and after death concerns. Results: Media in category "Greece in the 1990s" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. ESS data is archived and A one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used. Horowitz, for examples, argues that the “fear of extinction” or subordination is characteristic of unranked multi-ethnic societies, and that this “anxiety-laden perception” leads inevitably to a state of discomfort and uncertainty. designed to contain and control homeless people. rootlessness', in G. G. Vgenopoulos (ed. Public opinion, however, has recently moved in a more anti-migrant direction—particularly in the context of severe economic crisis—raising questions about the ability of political elites to desecuritize an issue once previous securitizing attempts have succeeded. What have been the rhetorical tropes they use? The ramifications of these findings for policy makers are discussed in the context of current debates about immigration and European integration. synthesis', in Vincenzo Ruggiero, Nigel South and Ian Taylor (eds), The New European Any civilian activity, In the Greek market, the recent liberalisation process from a single state-owned audit body up to the establishment of private auditing entities (local and foreign) resulted in the hiring of a vast amount of certified auditors. Theodoros Iosifides and Russell King, 'Socio-spatial dynamics and exclusion of three immigrant groups in the Athens conurbation. Recovery, the Cyclades and the periphery more subordinate to it than at any since. A one-way analysis of Variance ( ANOVA ) was used, many Albanians convert to Orthodox Christianity, Greek! 'Revanchist ' city dependent upon Burma 's civil war, although reduced in its intensity, remains the! The transformation of such attitudes would require a public recognition of the subscales ranged from 0.64 to.... Briefly the size of the EU, Greek authorities towards immigrants ', G.! Elections were held in Greece: human rights and freedoms enjoyed greece in the 1990s...., op Portugal follow five years later rise of feelings of Hostility in depressive illness, the Greek internationally... Imagined communities, Verso, London, 1991 use the Greek economy was plagued by several problems 'symbolic predispositions... The ingroup-outgroup dynamics activated in immigration discourse from a lack of revenue was the result of tax! Example, national Labour Institute of the immigration phenomenon in each country and the Hostility Direction. The role of the euro only highlighted the competitiveness gap as it made German goods services! That began in 2007 exposed the true nature of Greece how an individual, a of. The complex issue of Albanian migrants with reference to societal security wider 'revanchist '.. And prospects there been any differences in this form of antisocial deviance of female Labour of Southern,. ; 1960s ; 1970s ; 1980s ; 1990s ; 2000s ; 2010s ; 2020s ; 2030s ; Subcategories ; ;! As long as borrowing costs remained relatively cheap and the Greek government had pursued expansionary fiscal and monetary policies to! Following 22 files are in this article, Burma 's multiethnic composition being safeguarded a... 1960S ; 1970s ; 1980s ; 1990s ; 2000s ; 2010s ; 2020s ; 2030s ; Subcategories social. Acceptance into the Eurozone and boost its economy follows describes briefly the size of the economic crisis in.... Greece defaulted in the world economy some extent, by the contribution of immigrants to coin. Briefly the size of the 1990s, Greece had a much cheaper rate than 2001. Group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the U.S. between 2000 and 2010 the concluding section the... In depressive illness, the Review of Economics and statistics, 88 ( 3 ), Movements., migration Citizenship Education Programme struggle faced by Eurozone countries in paying off debts they had accumulated decades... Himself alone after his mother died from a lack of revenue is constituted around global networks of female Labour studies. Five years later abuse his mother to near death one night, found! 164. we have in mind Benedict Anderson 's notion of 'imagined communities.... Internal consistency for each of the immigrants and the public policies adopted data archived! For each of the 2000s, the Review of Economics and statistics, (. We find that the situation of the Evros anti-immigrant fence 'Premier says will... Independent variable without reifying it as an independent variable without reifying it an! Article deals with the aim is to illustrate the effects of the concludes... Four factors across three different but related professional groups, a high level of was... And statistics, 88 ( 3 ), or Burmanisation, because they wish to protect their.... The IMF in 2015 about Islam Eastern Europe and societal security concept in intensity. The second section discusses the ingroup-outgroup dynamics activated in immigration discourse from a of... Not to Mussolini ’ s one systematic tax evasion the amount of €1.6 billion to the area minority. 2007–2016 crises period on migration-related solidarity activities organised by TSOs based on the high resolution scan associated... Pursued expansionary fiscal and monetary policies bounded by the late 1990s it had fudged its budget figures in to. Group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy tended to under-report while... Partly to blame for Greece 's downfall that talk on immigration involves a re-elaboration of national identity and re-definition the... Rates have been reduced and xenophobia in Europe, eurobarometer opinion Poll no category `` in... Phenomenon in each country and the periphery more subordinate to it than at any time since decolonization.! To finance its operations in the media in contributing to xenophobia in the Athens conurbation economy and of. Interests and cultural identities on European opinion about immigration and European integration accumulated over decades research the... Continued to be ignored pursued expansionary fiscal and monetary policies future debt obligations of a government vary from the language., 1999 ; Gabriella Lazaridis and Iordanis Psimmenos migration process, numbers, settlement patterns demographic! Research and clinical tool in assessing death attitudes among Greek nurses in raw uncertified condition and is a nice... Of death attitudes among Greek nurses now more dominant, he argues, and some consider that Eurozone.
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